Suspension types

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Independent suspension types

Double A-arm, steering link [Front]
Double A-arm, toe link [Rear]
images/Susp00.jpg (74549 bytes)
The classis unequal length, non parallel wishbone format.
Lower A-arm, upper "virtual A-arm", steering link [Front]
Lower A-arm, upper "virtual A-arm", toe link [Rear]
images/Susp12.jpg (76534 bytes)
As used on the PorscheGT3 rear.
Lower A-arm, upper parallel links, trailing link [Rear]
images/Susp14.jpg (76242 bytes)
As used on the Plymouth Prowler rear.
Upper A-arm, lower "virtual A-arm", steering link [Front]
Upper A-arm, lower "virtual A-arm", toe link [Rear]
images/Susp16.jpg (73154 bytes)
As used on the Mitsubishi Galant front.
Upper A-arm, lower trailing and lateral links, toe link [Rear]
images/Susp17.jpg (79831 bytes)
As used on the Mitsubishi Galant rear.
Upper and lower lateral links, twin trailing links, toe link [Rear]
images/Susp18.jpg (77503 bytes) Susp18a.jpg (30858 bytes)
As used on the Chevrolet Corvette C4 rear with the drive shaft acting as the upper lateral link and leaf spring.
Upper and lower "virtual A-arms", steering link [Front]
Upper and lower "virtual A-arms", toe link [Rear]
images/Susp19.jpg (67119 bytes)
As used on some Mercedes rear.
Upper lateral link, lower reversed A-arm, twin trailing links [Rear]
Susp20L.jpg (105517 bytes) 
The classis '60s sports and racing car rear suspension.

Lower lateral link, upper reversed A-arm, twin trailing links [Rear]

Susp20U.jpg (54240 bytes)

A variation on the above.

Upper lateral link, lower parallel links, twin trailing link [Rear]
images/Susp21.jpg (84328 bytes)
A variation of the reversed lower A-arm style.
Jaguar IRS [Rear]
images/Susp03.jpg (73391 bytes) Susp03a.jpg (29228 bytes)
Either the OEM style with the drive shaft as the top link, or modified with a bespoke top link.
H-arm + camber link [Rear]
images/Susp04.jpg (78044 bytes)
Porsche 928 [Rear]
images/Susp05.jpg (76308 bytes)
Semi-trailing arm [Rear]
Susp02.jpg (43888 bytes)
Semi-trailing arm with camber control link and toe control link [Rear]
images/susp28.jpg (50285 bytes)
As used on Mazda RX7.
 
Trailing arm, upper and lower lateral links [Rear]
images/Susp13.jpg (76907 bytes) Susp13a.jpg (27556 bytes)
As used on the pre '84 Chevrolet Corvette (with the drive shaft acting as upper lateral link and a leaf spring) and BMW E36 (with bespoke lateral links and coil springs)

Trailing arm, upper and lower lateral links, toe control link [Rear]
images/Susp22.jpg (71826 bytes)
As used on the Honda Integra Type R

 
Macpherson strut, steering link [Front]
Macpherson strut, toe link [Rear]
images/Susp01.jpg (69950 bytes)
Strut, lower "virtual A-arm, steering link [Front]
Strut, lower "virtual A-arm, toe link [Rear]
images/Susp15.jpg (68077 bytes)
As used on the front of some BMWs
Tri-link strut [Rear]
images/Susp06.jpg (79367 bytes)
Mono-wheel trailing arm [Rear]
images/susp29.jpg (52070 bytes)
   

Live axle suspension types

Live axle + 3 or 4 leading links + Panhard
with steering for front suspension
susp111.jpg (69162 bytes)
Live axle + 2 leading arms + Panhard
with steering for front suspension
susp121.jpg (69111 bytes)
 
Live axle or deDion + 4 Trailing links
images/Susp09.jpg (65350 bytes)
   
Live axle or deDion + 3 or 4 trailing links + Mumford linkage
images/Susp23.jpg (39915 bytes)
Live axle or deDion + 3 or 4 trailing links + Panhard
images/Susp07.jpg (81063 bytes)
Live axle or deDion + 3 or 4 trailing links + Watts linkage
images/Susp08.jpg (75506 bytes)
Live axle or deDion + 2 trailing arms + Mumford linkage
images/susp222.jpg (42839 bytes)
Live axle or deDion + 2 trailing arms + Panhard
images/Susp10.jpg (93354 bytes)
With a live axle this is the NASCAR rear
Live axle or deDion + 2 trailing arms + Watts linkage
images/Susp11.jpg (63517 bytes)
With a deDion axle, the Alfetta rear
Live axle (torque arm) + 2 trailing links and torque arm slider + Panhard
images/susp25.jpg (49876 bytes)
Live axle (torque arm) + 2 trailing links and torque arm slider + Watts linkage
images/susp27.jpg (47632 bytes)
 
Live axle (torque tube) + Panhard
images/susp24.jpg (37212 bytes)
Live axle (torque tube) + Watts linkage
images/susp26.jpg (46792 bytes)
 
Live axle (torque arm) + 4 trailing links with birdcage + torque arm link + Panhard
images/Susp551.jpg
Live axle (torque arm) + 4 trailing links with birdcage + torque arm link + Watts linkage
images/Susp553.jpg